RECALL focuses on two main European thematic strategies: Soil Protection and Disaster Risk Management.
The objective of the Soil Protection Strategy adopted in September 2006 is to protect the soil while using it sustainably, through the prevention of further degradation, the preservation of soil function and the restoration of degraded soils.
The 2010 Status of the Environment Report of the European Environment Agency demonstrates that soil degradation is increasing and among the different examples proving this, landslides are a major threat in mountainous and hilly areas across Europe. The Landslide susceptibility in the EU and neighbouring countries map shows in red the most affected areas when speaking of landslide phenomena, among which RECALL partners’ areas.
As described in ECHO Factsheet Disaster Risk Management released in April 2014, geological events (among which landslides) are considered the most likely cause of disaster in Europe. Lots of important steps have been done towards harmonised approaches for delineating areas at risk of landslides, common thematic datasets, models for landslide susceptibility assessment at European scale and national scales and most of this has been done thanks to the cooperation at EU level.
The results achieved so far, allow local authorities to assess their territory risk level or to forecast landslide susceptibility and inform them on the best prevention measures that can be adopted. What is missing is a methodology to support local authorities in deciding, given a specific territory and a fixed budget to be used for risk prevention, where to allocate the budget in order to assure the best results possible and decrease disaster risk level and consequences in case of disaster happening.
Within the panorama of actions done so far at European and national level, RECALL aims to take a step forward in risk prevention, moving to cost–benefit examination and efficient financial resources management and allocation, which is now a huge criticality in local communities destined to become a focal point in the upcoming years, in parallel with the increasing scarcity of financial resources available at local level.
The project will indeed lead to the development of an efficient and effective methodology for risk analysis, territorial monitoring, data collection, costs analysis for prevention measures and best budget allocation at local level within public territorial entities.
To achieve these results, RECALL gets together different types of actors with complementary competencies and expertise:
- Geological Survey of Slovenia is a technical partner with great experience on landslide risk mapping, prevention measures development and which have participated as partner or coordinator in past EU funded projects, in particular AdaptAlp, Safe Land, Terrafirma which results will be imported and shared within RECALL.
- University of Debrecen, Hungary, is a scientific partner expert in economics, able to guide local authorities in the correct financial resources allocation and budget planning. It is responsible for the e-tools development within the project.
- Province of Vicenza, Region of Western Macedonia and Vukovar-Srijem County are local public authorities, which will involve, besides their internal organization, civil protection volunteering associations, citizens and groups of interest in selected pilot areas which often encounter landslide events and wish to mitigate disaster risk and related consequences.
4 local Pilot Areas, which present high levels of landslide risk, are directly involved in project activities and tests in Italy, Slovenia, Croatia and Greece, interesting more than 5.000 inhabitants altogether